Surveillance vs. Patrolling

Different security techniques

Security guards are known for having a key eye for observation. A huge part of their job is monitoring the environment to ensure that it is free of any illegal behaviors. Security guards keep people and places safe through these monitoring efforts. In fact, there are many ways to monitor a situation and get information to make sure that it's safe and secure. Learn about surveillance vs. patrolling and what the differences are between these two activities when it comes to security guard job responsibilities.


What's the difference between surveillance vs. patrolling? Think of surveillance as a less mobile type of observation. There are several different types of surveillance activities that security guards will perform. To begin with, security guards will use surveillance when they watch CCTV feeds of security cameras. This type of surveillance includes watching for suspicious activity from afar. It can be done in real time, or the cameras can be pulled up and past footage can observed by a security guard if the client is looking for a particular pattern of activity. Furthermore, video surveillance is a great way for places like retail stores or warehouses to monitor for theft.

Another type of surveillance is called fixed surveillance. This is when a security guard takes a specific location and stay there to monitor the area for suspicious activity. Security guards who work at front desks of offices will often times engage in fixed surveillance. In other words, they are responsible for monitoring the entrance/exit of a building to make sure that it's secure.


Patrolling, on the other hand, is a much more active form of observation. Security guards who patrol often times cover a large area of space while on the job. Patrolling can be done in a variety of work environments. Places like chemical plants will often times employ a security guard who patrols the area. Neighborhoods or gated communities are also excellent locations for patrol services. Security guards who patrol are responsible for keeping a large area safe and secure. They can do this by making their presence known to a larger number of people than if they stayed in one spot.

Patrol security guards have the added benefit of being able to quickly get to a location if an emergency hits. Because they are used to covering a large area as part of their work, they are familiar with the details of that space. For example, a security guard who patrols an area of a manufacturing plant could quickly attend to an emergency or crime scene if needed.

Surveillance and patrolling are just some of the job responsibilities of security guards. If you are interested in learning more about how hiring a security guard can help your business, contact United American Security.

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